Academic Catalog

Criminal Justice (CRJ)

CRJ 101  Intro to Criminal Justice  (3 Credits)  

An introductory course designed to provide a foundation of information on characteristics of crime and criminal justice procedures. An interdisciplinary approach is used, drawing on perspectives from legal studies, psychology, sociology, political science, history, and other disciplines. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 101E  Intro to Criminal Justice  (3 Credits)  

An introductory course designed to provide a foundation of information on characteristics of crime and criminal justice procedures. An interdisciplinary approach is used, drawing on perspectives from legal studies, psychology, sociology, political science, history, and other disciplines. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None  
CRJ 160  Crime and Society  (3 Credits)  

This course is designed to heighten the student’s awareness of the theoretical explanations for criminal behavior and resulting ideas for prevention, treatment, and punishment which may be implemented by the government. The perspectives of the originators of criminological thought will be discussed as well as contemporary approaches to understanding the nature, causes, and prevention of crime. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 160E  Crime and Society  (3 Credits)  

This course is designed to heighten the student’s awareness of the theoretical explanations for criminal behavior and resulting ideas for prevention, treatment, and punishment which may be implemented by the government. The perspectives of the originators of criminological thought will be discussed as well as contemporary approaches to understanding the nature, causes, and prevention of crime. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None  
CRJ 170  Law Enforcement Ethics  (3 Credits)  

This course is designed to provide the student with ethical awareness. The need for ethical standards throughout the criminal justice system has long been advocated. Discussion of ethical issues in particular situations will be included as well as high standards of behavior generally. Written codes and canons of ethics will be analyzed and evaluated. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 170E  Law Enforcement Ethics  (3 Credits)  

This course is designed to provide the student with ethical awareness. The need for ethical standards throughout the criminal justice system has long been advocated. Discussion of ethical issues in particular situations will be included as well as high standards of behavior generally. Written codes and canons of ethics will be analyzed and evaluated. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None  
CRJ 180  Introduction to Personal Computers and Their Operating Systems for Computer Crime Investigations  (3 Credits)  

An introduction to the IBM-based personal computer and its DOS and Windows-based operating system designed for the Criminal Justice major who may eventually specialize in computer-related investigations. The course will provide an intermediate working knowledge of computer hardware and the basic operating systems of DOS and Windows. The course will focus on the creation, maintenance and destruction of data stored in electronic form, and provides an understanding of the significance of this data as possible evidence to criminal investigations. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: CIS 115.  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Criminal Justice.Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 180X  Intro to PC and OS for CCI  (3 Credits)  
Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: CIS 115 or 116X.  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: 750  
CRJ 181  Introduction To Personal Computers And Their Operating Systems For Computer Crime Investigations  (4 Credits)  

An introduction to the IBM-based personal computer and its DOS and Windows-based operating system designed for the Criminal Justice major who may eventually specialize in computer-related investigations. The course will provide an intermediate working knowledge of computer hardware and the basic operating systems of DOS and Windows. The course will focus on the creation, maintenance and destruction of data stored in electronic form, and provides an understanding of the significance of this data as possible evidence to criminal investigations. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: CIS 121.  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None  
CRJ 199  CRJ ELECTIVE  (3 Credits)  
Department: None  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None  
CRJ 201  Introduction to Criminal Law  (3 Credits)  

A comprehensive introduction to the substantive law of crimes. Topics include constitutional limits on behavior control; elements of crimes; offenses against people, property, public morality; criminal responsibility and defenses. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: CRJ 101.  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 201E  Introduction to Criminal Law  (3 Credits)  

A comprehensive introduction to the substantive law of crimes. Topics include constitutional limits on behavior control; elements of crimes; offenses against people, property, public morality; criminal responsibility and defenses. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: CRJ 101E.  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None  
CRJ 211  Law Enforcement  (3 Credits)  

This course will chronicle the history, development, philosophy and current status of law enforcement. Topics will include an examination of law enforcement agencies, identifying most important characteristics of city, state, and federal police work. Analysis of police problems and the processes of justice and constitutional limitations on law enforcement will also be discussed in the course. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None  
CRJ 211E  Law Enforcement  (3 Credits)  

This course will chronicle the history, development, philosophy and current status of law enforcement. Topics will include an examination of law enforcement agencies, identifying most important characteristics of city, state, and federal police work. Analysis of police problems and the processes of justice and constitutional limitations on law enforcement will also be discussed in the course. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None  
CRJ 225  Juvenile Delinquency  (3 Credits)  

An examination of delinquent behavior and its effect on society. Topics will include analyzing and describing the nature and extent of juvenile delinquency, causes of delinquent behavior, juvenile gangs, and other issues directly related to the study of delinquency. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 240  Criminal Courts and Procedures  (3 Credits)  

The study of the U.S. criminal justice system, which includes a study of the criminal justice process, law enforcement, adjudication, post-conviction strategies, and the juvenile justice system. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: CRJ 101.  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 240E  Criminal Courts and Procedures  (3 Credits)  

The study of the U.S. criminal justice system, which includes a study of the criminal justice process, law enforcement, adjudication, post-conviction strategies, and the juvenile justice system.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: CRJ 101E.  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None  
CRJ 250  Policing a Multicultural Community  (3 Credits)  

This course is designed to prepare students for careers of service to the public and in the criminal justice system by demonstrating an understanding of a variety of populations. The course will supply the student with an opportunity to experience multicultural populations through in-depth study and role-play simulations. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 280  Computer Forensics: Electronic Media as Evidence  (3 Credits)  

An introduction to evidence collection, preservation, examination and presentation in an investigation involving electronic media for the Criminal Justice major who may eventually specialize in computer-related investigations. The course will provide a working knowledge of the seizure of computers and other evidence in electronic form. The course will focus on the preservation and examination of data stored in electronic form and provide an understanding of the significance of this data as possible evidence to criminal investigations. Offered as needed.

Department: Interdisciplinary Studies  
Pre-Requisites: CRJ 180.  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment is limited to students with a major in Criminal Justice.Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 280X  Computer Forensics  (3 Credits)  
Department: Interdisciplinary Studies  
Pre-Requisites: CRJ 180X.  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: 750  
CRJ 281  Computer Forensics: Electronic Media As Evidence  (4 Credits)  

An introduction to evidence collection, preservation, examination and presentation in an investigation involving electronic media for the Criminal Justice major who may eventually specialize in computer-related investigations. The course will provide a working knowledge of the seizure of computers and other evidence in electronic form. The course will focus on the preservation and examination of data stored in electronic form and provide an understanding of the significance of this data as possible evidence to criminal investigations. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: CRJ 181.  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None  
CRJ 298  Special Topic in Criminal Justice  (3 Credits)  

Topic to be specified each semester course offered.

Department: Interdisciplinary Studies  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 301  Criminal Investigation I  (3 Credits)  

An introduction to the criminal justice system with a special focus on basic criminal investigations. The significance and application of investigative techniques and procedures for criminal and non-criminal investigators will be examined. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 301E  Criminal Investigation I  (3 Credits)  

An introduction to the criminal justice system with a special focus on basic criminal investigations. The significance and application of investigative techniques and procedures for criminal and non-criminal investigators will be examined. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None  
CRJ 303  Criminal Investigation I Lab  (1 Credit)  

A criminal investigation laboratory which will introduce the student to the newest advances in crime fighting including basic fingerprinting, firearms identification, evidence control and examination, bloodstain evidence, and DNA. This lab is a required component and graduation requirement for CRJ majors. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: CRJ 301.  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: 20  
CRJ 303E  Criminal Investigation I Lab  (1 Credit)  

A criminal investigation laboratory which will introduce the student to the newest advances in crime fighting including basic fingerprinting, firearms identification, evidence control and examination, bloodstain evidence, and DNA. This lab is a required component and graduation requirement for CRJ majors. Offered as needed

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: CRJ 301E.  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None  
CRJ 305E  Securing the Homeland  (4 Credits)  

This course provides the students with an introduction to the role of Homeland Security and discusses the concept of the rule of law in defending the homeland. Students investigate problems and solutions relating to the tactics for defending borders, tactics for defending coasts, tactics for defending critical infrastructures, tactics for defending aviation security, tactics for defending information technology, and tactics for defending our communities. The course will discuss the role of intelligence in Homeland Security. Offered as needed.This course provides the students with an introduction to the role of Homeland Security and discusses the concept of the rule of law in defending the homeland. Students investigate problems and solutions relating to the tactics for defending borders, tactics for defending coasts, tactics for defending critical infrastructures, tactics for defending aviation security, tactics for defending information technology, and tactics for defending our communities. The course will discuss the role of intelligence in Homeland Security. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None  
CRJ 306  Domestic Political Assassinations  (3 Credits)  

This course is designed to introduce students to the ideology of assassinations. Using the John F. Kennedy killing as a blueprint, this course will examine means, motives and opportunities involved in the killing of political leaders and the sometimes incomplete investigations that accompany them. An emphasis will be placed on the psychological underpinnings of the actions of the assassin and their subsequent actions. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None  
CRJ 310  Criminal Investigation II  (3 Credits)  

This is a continuation of the criminal investigation exposure completed in Criminal Investigation I (CRJ 301). The performance level of the study is expected to be more detailed and highly refined. Techniques and procedures for criminal and non-criminal investigators will be examined. Topics, which will be beneficial for the student to have greater detailed and in-depth study in, will be emphasized including searches and seizures, physical evidence, obtaining information, surveillance, homicide, and courtroom preparation. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: CRJ 301.  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 320  Parole, Probation, and Community-Based Corrections  (3 Credits)  

Using the federal system as a model, this course adopts a practical approach to the study of the personnel, practices, and procedures that comprise parole, probation, and community-based corrections. Reference to relevant state models also will be made. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: CRJ 240.  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 340  Corrections  (3 Credits)  

A study of the field of corrections and correctional systems. As a result of perceived increases in violent crime and a sense of the randomness of victimization, citizens have demanded immediate and final resolutions to the problem of crime. Consequently, populations of prisoners have increased, previous programs such as chain gangs have been renewed, and new ones, boot camps for example, have been implemented. Additionally, the age and gender gaps appear to be closing when it comes to committing crime as more females and older citizens are incarcerated. These trends require thoughtful consideration and leadership by those who work in the criminal justice system. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: CRJ 240.  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 340E  Corrections  (3 Credits)  

A study of the field of corrections and correctional systems. As a result of perceived increases in violent crime and a sense of the randomness of victimization, citizens have demanded immediate and final resolutions to the problem of crime. Consequently, populations of prisoners have increased, previous programs such as chain gangs have been renewed, and new ones, boot camps for example, have been implemented. Additionally, the age and gender gaps appear to be closing when it comes to committing crime as more females and older citizens are incarcerated. These trends require thoughtful consideration and leadership by those who work in the criminal justice system. Offered as needed

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: CRJ 240E.  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None  
CRJ 350  Community Policing  (3 Credits)  

This course is designed to convey a philosophy of policing which includes the belief that the police and the community work cooperatively to resolve problems. This will be distinguished from previous efforts such as neighborhood watches, team policing, and other cooperative policing programs. An emphasis will be placed on a service orientation toward those the police have sworn to protect with additional emphasis placed on interpersonal skill development. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 355  Social Issues in Policing a Multicultural Community  (3 Credits)  

This course is designed to develop heightened awareness and sensitivity to the social and ethical issues that arise when policing in a multicultural society. Specifically, the course will examine the history and development of municipal policing. A community-based learning project will also provide an opportunity for students to understand and apply the model of problem-oriented policing in a real world, multicultural context. Students will address legal and ethical issues associated with the proposed solutions. Offered as needed.

This course may satisfy the general education core: American Dialogues.  
Essential Learning Outcomes for Medaille College: Critical Thinking, Cultural Literacy, Ethical Reasoning and Written Communication  
Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: PHI 300 or 310.  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None  
CRJ 355E  Social Issues in Policing a Multicultural Community  (3 Credits)  

This course is designed to develop heightened awareness and sensitivity to the social and ethical issues that arise when policing in a multicultural society. Specifically, the course will examine the history and development of municipal policing. A community-based learning project will also provide an opportunity for students to understand and apply the model of problem-oriented policing in a real world, multicultural context. Students will address legal and ethical issues associated with the proposed solutions. Offered as needed.

This course may satisfy the general education core: American Dialogues.  
Essential Learning Outcomes for Medaille College: Critical Thinking, Cultural Literacy, Ethical Reasoning and Written Communication  
Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: PHI 300E or 310E.  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None  
CRJ 360  Advanced Criminal Law  (3 Credits)  

This is a continuation of the study of the criminal law completed in CRJ 201. An in-depth, highly detailed study of the pervasive problems, which must be resolved by the criminal justice system. Discussion of the means of the criminal law, imposing ruthless force upon individual lives and its ends, serving the highest order of social and human values will be considered. Three credit hours. Prerequisites and/or Special Considerations: CRJ 201. Offered as needed. CRJ 365 Law and Society This course is an interdisciplinary approach to the study of the relationship between law and society. The initial task is to examine the diverse and conflicting ways scholars theorize, analyze and evaluate the relationship of law and society. From there, this course will look at the organization of law, the role of the legal profession, the courts, legislature, and law enforcement. The course’s main goal will be to understand how the "law" is not just an abstract concept only to be found on the pages of legal texts, but also an active instrument that, to a large part, shapes and defines lives. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: CRJ 201.  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 365  Law and Society  (3 Credits)  

This course is an interdisciplinary approach to the study of the relationship between law and society. Our initial task is to examine the diverse and conflicting ways scholars theorize, analyze and evaluate the relationship of law and society. From there we will look at the organization of law, the role of the legal profession, the courts legislature, and law enforcement. The course's main goal will be to understanding how the "law" is not just an abstract concept only to be found on the pages of legal texts, but also an active instrument that, to large part, shapes and defines our lives. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: INT 110.  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None  
CRJ 377  Field Experience I  (3 Credits)  

This course provides the student with both observational and “hands-on” learning experience through participation in an internship, ideally in the field in which the student will be seeking employment. This internship course offers students a structured, supervised opportunity to design their own learning within the context of their program’s expectations, goals and objectives for enhancing students’ academic and professional development and the needs of their host organization. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment limited to students with a classification of Junior or Senior.Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 380  Computer Crime Investigation: Evidence, Law, and Investigative Techniques  (3 Credits)  

This course will focus on the actual investigation of computer crime. The course covers the application of previously acquired skills of collecting and examining electronic evidence and the use of this evidence in a criminal investigation. Investigative techniques such as interviewing, surveillance and warrant execution also will be applied to investigations involving electronic evidence. Students will become thoroughly familiar with the current issues of computer crime investigation. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 380X  CCI:Evidence,Law&Invest Tech  (3 Credits)  
Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: 750  
CRJ 381  Computer Crime Investigation: Evidence, Law, and Investigative Techniques  (4 Credits)  

This course will focus on the actual investigation of computer crime. The course covers the application of previously acquired skills of collecting and examining electronic evidence and the use of this evidence in a criminal investigation. Investigative techniques such as interviewing, surveillance and warrant execution also will be applied to investigations involving electronic evidence. Students will become thoroughly familiar with the current issues of computer crime investigation. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None  
CRJ 398  Special Topic in Criminal Justice  (3 Credits)  

Topic to be specified each semester course offered.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 401  Constitutional Issues in Criminal Justice  (3 Credits)  

The Constitution and its interpretation from the post-Civil War period to the present. Emphasis will be placed on Supreme Court decisions, how they affected civil rights, civil liberties, and reform movements. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: CRJ 240 or HIS 150.  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 410  Police Administration  (3 Credits)  

The thematic study of the capacity for change and dynamic qualities of police administration in the United States. A variety of perspectives are analyzed including behavioral, structural, and procedural approaches to facilitate a comprehensive understanding of the subject matter. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment limited to students with a classification of Senior.Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 410E  Police Administration  (3 Credits)  

The thematic study of the capacity for change and dynamic qualities of police administration in the United States. A variety of perspectives are analyzed including behavioral, structural, and procedural approaches to facilitate a comprehensive understanding of the subject matter. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None  
CRJ 415  Research Methods in Criminal Justice  (3 Credits)  

This course is designed to develop student’s confidence and appreciation of the various research tools used in the field of criminal justice. Additionally, the student will develop an enhanced appreciation for the approaches to scientific inquiry and an ability to evaluate the efficacy of research tools used in each and become good consumers of research. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 415E  Research Methods in CRJ  (3 Credits)  

This course is designed to develop student’s confidence and appreciation of the various research tools used in the field of criminal justice. Additionally, the student will develop an enhanced appreciation for the approaches to scientific inquiry and an ability to evaluate the efficacy of research tools used in each and become good consumers of research. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None  
CRJ 420  Senior Seminar/Topics  (3 Credits)  

Topic to be specified each semester course offered. This course provides the opportunity to offer specialty courses not included in the regular course offerings. Included may be various contemporary topics and issues such as domestic violence; stress and police personnel; death penalty; history of law enforcement; juvenile justice system; the nature of leadership, authority, and power; and organizational communication. A student may take this course more than once for credit under different topics. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment limited to students with a classification of Senior.Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 421  Senior Capstone  (3 Credits)  

The senior seminar is intended to be an opportunity for students to demonstrate mastery of their learning of the major areas of criminal justice obtained during the course of their undergraduate matriculation. Students will demonstrate their analysis, reasoned judgment and creation of new understanding by developing, carrying out and producing results of a high quality, scholarly research project which addresses an issue in the criminal justice discipline. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment limited to students with a classification of Senior.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 421E  Senior Capstone  (3 Credits)  

The senior seminar is intended to be an opportunity for students to demonstrate mastery of their learning of the major areas of criminal justice obtained during the course of their undergraduate matriculation. Students will demonstrate their analysis, reasoned judgment and creation of new understanding by developing, carrying out and producing results of a high quality, scholarly research project which addresses an issue in the criminal justice discipline. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment limited to students with a classification of Senior.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 430E  Homeland Security Topics in Cybersecurity, Cybercrime, and Cyberterrorism  (4 Credits)  

This course will explore and analyze in depth the relationship of Cyber security, Cybercrime and Cyber terrorism to Homeland Security. Students will analyze contemporary cyber-topics including cyberspace, cyber terrorism, cyber espionage, and cyber war and evaluate their relationship to Homeland Security threats. Students will examine and appraise laws related to cyber-issues focusing specifically on the USA Patriot Act and the laws’ roles in Homeland Security. Students will identify and evaluate the specific agencies at every level, including federal, state and local entities that are involved as first responders in cyber security issues. Students will assess the effects that the threats from cyber terrorism, cybercrime and cyber war have had or appear to have had on civil liberties and personal privacy; and students will analyze and debate the national security considerations posed by these threats. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None  
CRJ 470E  Government Leadership Challenges in Homeland Security  (4 Credits)  

This course will provide an introduction to the theories, roles, and practices of leadership, focusing on the issues facing government officials in Homeland Security. The concept of principle-centered leadership, as well as the difference between management and leadership, will be introduced and examined. Discussion topics include issues associated with National Security, transportation, key events occurring after 9/11, budgets, and legislation. Students will examine the impact government official’s leadership styles have on the resolution and management of significant issues. Also, students will examine how ethics and values influence the decision-making process. Students will analyze case studies and discuss how leadership styles improved or prolonged the negative aspects of a situation. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None  
CRJ 477  Field Experience II  (3 Credits)  

This is a continuation of the criminal justice system exposure completed in Field Experience I. The performance level of the assignment is expected to be higher than the Level I assignment. Students may elect to complete a project related to their careers, but it must be demonstrative of a high level of competence and difficulty and approved by the Department Chair/Program Director. This internship course offers students a structured, supervised opportunity to design their own learning within the context of their program’s expectations, goals and objectives for enhancing students’ academic and professional development and the needs of their host organization. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: CRJ 377.  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment limited to students with a classification of Senior.Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 480  Topics in Computer Crime Investigation: Computer Networks & The Internet  (4 Credits)  

This course will focus on the relationship of networks (and by extension, the Internet) to computer crime. The student will learn how to apply the previously acquired skills of collecting and examining electronic evidence to the use of this evidence in a criminal investigation, which involves a computer network and/or the Internet. The course will also examine issues related to the detection, investigation and prevention of network intrusions. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: CRJ 380.  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 481  Topics In Computer Crime Investigation: Computer Networks & The Internet  (4 Credits)  

This course will focus on the relationship of networks (and by extension, the Internet) to computer crime. The student will learn how to apply the previously acquired skills of collecting and examining electronic evidence to the use of this evidence in a criminal investigation, which involves a computer network and/or the Internet. The course will also examine issues related to the detection, investigation and prevention of network intrusions. Offered as needed.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: CRJ 381.  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None  
CRJ 498  Independent Study in Criminal Justice  (1-3 Credits)  

Topic to be specified each semester course offered.

Department: Social Sciences  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Restrictions: Enrollment is limited to Undergraduate level students.  
Fees: None  
CRJ 499  Upper Level Criminal Justice Elective  (1-12 Credits)  
Department: None  
Pre-Requisites: None  
Co-Requisites: None  
Fees: None